It is easier to prevent the outbreak of blisters than to treat them. One way of avoiding blisters is to refrain from engaging in activities that involve excessive friction and intense and constant rubbing against the skin. However, if these activities canít be avoided, you should wear protective gear such as gloves and comfortable shoes. A good tip is to purchase shoes at the end of the day since this is when your feet are tired and swell a little. By buying shoes during this time, you will be able to choose the size that would accommodate your feet when they are at their biggest. Another way of preventing blisters to avoid exposure to allergens and chemical irritants. Allergic contact dermatitis may result in blisters, so by staying away from substances that trigger this skin condition, you will be able to stay away from blister outbreaks. Stay away from allergy-inducing products and if possible, get rid of them.
If you do get a blister, focus on keeping it from getting bigger and minimizing infection. Signs of infection are pus, warm and red skin around the affected area, and the formation of thin red streaks that lead away from the blister. You can leave tiny, painless unbroken blisters alone to heal, because the skin covering the fluid is the best protection that a blister has against infection. However, if your blisters are large and painful, you should do something about it. If you have no choice due to, say, demands in your work, you may opt to drain your blisters. Here are the steps on how to pop your large blisters:
- Sterilize a needle by holding it over a flame until it is red hot then rinsing it in alcohol.
- Wash the affected area thoroughly. Using the sterilized needle, make a small hole and gently drain the blister of the fluid.
- Apply some antibiotic ointment with bacitracin and/or polymyxin B onto the area in order to minimize the risk of infection. Note, however, that some ointments like those that contain neomycin may cause allergic reactions.
- If the fluid that comes out of the blister is milky white, yellowish, or greenish, then that is a sign that your blister is infected. Other signs of infection include warm and red skin and the formation of red streaks around the blister. If you experience these, see a doctor immediately and he/she will recommend some medications for it. Do not remove the flap of skin over the blister. This will serve as a protection for the growing skin underneath it.
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